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Biomedical Waste

Waste that requires special handling and disposal because it presents a particular risk of disease transmission.

Hazardous Waste

A material or substance that, if handled improperly, has the potential to harm people, property, or the environment.


The separation of wastes at the point of generation according to waste category.


Material that can be contaminated with viable micro-organisms (including prion proteins) or toxins that under certain circumstances can cause disease or illness.

Colour Coding

The application of colour to a container or label to identify the category of waste for which it is to be used.


The removal of waste, treated waste, or residue from a facility, off-site waste treatment facility, reuse facility, or transfer station to a final location.

Regulatory Compliance

Adherence to policies, regulations, and laws related to waste management (e.g. VCH Policies, and Provincial Hazardous Waste Legislation and Regulations).